How do you know how much isolate powder to use, how do you measure it or weigh it?? Articles have mentioned vaping is less potent than tinctures or concentrates. Can you mix the Isolate w a tincture to vape it or use to cook with? The propylene glycol & vegetable glycerine mixing w isolate powder, how do you figure out what percentage of each? With a powder, how can it be compared to a liquid? Por instance, how might one achieve 50% Isolate in their 50/50 concocotion, 50% liquid (tinture or mentioned VG & PG)? I read mixing it w MCT oil is good. Do I still need the veg glycerine VG & propylene glycol PG? Can you heat it up, let it cool some then use like drops sublingually? How hot & for how long?
In the United States, non-FDA approved CBD products are classified as Schedule I drugs under the Controlled Substances Act.[63] This means that production, distribution, and possession of non-FDA approved CBD products is illegal under federal law. In addition, in 2016 the Drug Enforcement Administration added "marijuana extracts" to the list of Schedule I drugs, which it defined as "an extract containing one or more cannabinoids that has been derived from any plant of the genus Cannabis, other than the separated resin (whether crude or purified) obtained from the plant."[64] Previously, CBD had simply been considered "marijuana", which is a Schedule I drug.[63][65]

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of dozens of non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Cannabidiol, and all the other cannabinoids, were patented by the United States Government in 2003 as neuroprotectants and antioxidants (Patent No. 6,630,507). Cannabinoids are characterized by their ability to act on the cannabinoid receptors that are found throughout the body. CBD and other cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds that display potent anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. They can promote the body’s healthy regulation of the central nervous, immune, and endocannabinoid systems.


To further ensure the reliability of our CBD isolate, we hold it to the same strict Triple Lab Tested™ standard that all HempMeds® products must go through. This lab testing process uses ISO/IEC 17025:2005 accredited testing labs to carefully examine our hemp oil. These labs test our hemp oil for an accurate concentration of cannabinoids and the presence of mold, mildew, fungus, toxins, heavy metals, and residual solvents to protect the end user from any contamination.


So a full spectrum decarb got higher points than isolate (“decarb” just refers to the process of decarboxylation which turns raw CBD into activated CBD). We also gave more points to companies with a “broad spectrum” tincture. Broad spectrum CBD oil includes a range of other cannabinoids, but minus the THC – which is generally what people using isolates are trying to avoid.
Different topicals have different benefits to offer depending on the way they are processed and the ingredients that are used, so experiment with various transdermal products to see what works for you. Medical marijuana states are seeing more and more options for topical remedies as time goes on, and for sufferers of pain and inflammation, it’s worth exploring. You’d be surprised the difference that one special ingredient makes.
However, CBD isolate does have something to offer CBD users that full-spectrum extracts does not. The fact that full-spectrum extracts invariably contain low levels of THC means that some users prefer to play it safe and stick to pure CBD by itself, out of fear of failing a drug test or experiencing a form of "high", although both of these occurrences have been found to be fairly unlikely.
After seasonal harvests of specific cultivars, these high-CBD hemp crops are put through a specialized solvent-free extraction process to yield a hemp oil that is naturally high in cannabidiol. This pure hemp extract is then tested for safety, quality, and cannabinoid content before being exported to our processing facilities in the United States. Importing any cannabis or hemp product into the United States is a complicated and serious task, so we leave nothing to chance before our high-CBD hemp oil makes its journey across the Atlantic Ocean.
Bev, I am so sorry you are suffering with this condition it is horrible…… 🙁 Here is some other info. and recommendations Hubby has also used aloe vera pure clear get(not a lot of other stuff in with the aloe), and has also put coconut oil on his scalp and let it sit at night for about 20 minutes and then uses a fine tooth comb to get rid of some of the really dry flaky sores that are healing and then takes a shower and washes the oil out before we go to bed. He also had a prescription for topical stuff(forget what it was maybe clindomyacin?)that didn’t help. So what works best for him is to do the aloe vera, do the coconut oil, and keep his hair trimmed and thinned out. Depending on your hair length and thickness even though you are thinning due to the prob. I would suggest keeping hair shorter and have them thin it out with thinning shears overall, taking a multivitamin, Vit. D3 at least 2,000mg, and 10,000-20,000mcg biotin. I have thinning hair from going into to menopause but the biotin is really helping keeping it from all falling out. My hair was literally falling out in buckets before I started taking the Biotin and I think Vit. D3 has helped some too. I found out I had Vit. D3 shortage. You can get gel capsules of 10,000mcg Biotin so for awhile I took 2 a day. Aloe Vera is a anti-inflammatory so that can help, also don’t use any shampoos that have things like peppermint, rosemary, teatree oil, etc. which are irritants….. Write back eventually and let me know how you are doing…… 🙂
A number of health benefits of CBD oil have been tested in vitro (i.e., with cells and tissues instead of living beings) as well as via animal studies, and some have even been examined in human clinical studies. However, until a health benefit has been validated by peer-reviewed, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies, it's impossible to know for sure if CBD – or any supplement – actually has the purported effect.
Topicals are applied right to trouble areas so that the CBD oil can work directly where it’s needed most. Ingesting CBD products orally causes CBD and other compounds to enter the blood stream, which elicits full-body effects and takes up to 2 hours or more before those effects are experienced. With CBD topicals, the healing compound and other hemp-derived nutrients are almost immediately absorbed directly through your skin, allowing them to be target the affected area for quicker and more focused effects.  
Customers looking to buy CBD creams will find the best CBD lotion at Green Roads World. CBD is an organic compound that is found in the industrial hemp plant. In order to produce the highest quality CBD muscle rub, Green Roads uses hemp that has been grown in the United States. The United States has a long history of growing hemp. In fact, it has been grown on our home continent since 1645! Our CBD cream for sale is a CBD topical cream. A topical cream is a product that is applied directly to the skin. CBD Pain Cream is a unique item that has been artfully crafted by a licensed pharmacist with twenty years of experience.
The ointment is made from infusing high-quality cannabis flowers in some kind of quality oil—coconut or olive typically—which extracts the active compounds, either CBD, THC, or both depending on the type of hemp used. This oil is then blended with other therapeutic herbs, like arnica or lemongrass essential oils, that are well-known pain relievers.
This all serves to underline the importance of testing CBD extract for the various levels of active ingredients. If your homemade CBD extract contains a high amount of THC it could be illegal in your country and require you use either a different method of extraction, or more likely, the need to find a source of hemp that has lower THC. As more scientific literature emerges supporting the entourage effect, and increased benefits of full-spectrum CBD compared to CBD isolate, we can expect the manufacture and sale of CBD goods based around isolate to greatly reduce in the coming years.

Please note not all products that are labeled full-spectrum and THC-free will be manufactured in this manner. We suggest you be wary of products that claim to be full-spectrum and THC-free. Many times, a THC-free “full-spectrum” product is made solely with CBD isolate. When in doubt, reference the manufacturer’s COA to determine the levels of cannabinoids in the product. 


Anyway, the research showed that in mice, CBD was much more effective when used along with other compounds of the cannabis plant, than when it was used by itself. While they haven’t yet figured out why exactly this is the case, it’s now generally accepted that full-spectrum CBD oil is more effective at treating the majority of medical conditions, than is CBD isolate.
Research suggests that CBD may exert some of its pharmacological action through its inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which may in turn increase the levels of endocannabinoids, such as anandamide, produced by the body.[8] It has also been speculated that some of the metabolites of CBD have pharmacological effects that contribute to the biological activity of CBD.[43]
"Cannabinoids have been found to have antioxidant properties, unrelated to NMDA receptor antagonism. This new found property makes cannabinoids useful in the treatment and prophylaxis of wide variety of oxidation associated diseases, such as ischemic, age-related, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The cannabinoids are found to have particular application as neuroprotectants, for example in limiting neurological damage following ischemic insults, such as stroke and trauma, or in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and HIV dementia. 

While most people assume CBD doesn’t contain THC, there are still trace amounts found in CBD oil that is made using the entire hemp plant. This is known as full-spectrum CBD and can be sold legally as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC. While this minuscule amount typically isn’t enough for people to feel any psychoactive effects, it can still show up in a person’s system.
I suffered from severe eczema as a child and, thankfully, grew out of it for the most part. Eczema is skin with a weak barrier that makes the sufferer’s skin much more open to irritants and allergens, causing a lot of discomfort. This irritation/allergic reaction leads to itching, bacterial infections, over-moisturizing which can lead to yeast overgrowth, etc. Once the chain reaction is set off, it is very difficult to stop. As a child, my parents would come in after I went to sleep, slather my legs with aquaphor and wrap them in ace bandages. It was a sticky mess but somewhat effective. To soothe my dry and easily irritated adult skin (as well as my arthritis), I make a cannabis product wth beeswax, shea butter, coconut oil, and a handful of healing herbs. Beeswax is a great barrier/protectant and has other beneficial properties. The Shea butter is very similar to sebum in our skin so acts to supplement our natural protection.
All this talk about THC lands us nicely in the whole “Full Spectrum vs. Pure Isolate” debate. Once you begin shopping for CBD products, you’ll notice a lot of jargon that gets thrown around without much explanation. Now that we’ve introduced THC into the conversation, we can talk about the difference between, and relative benefits of, Full Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate (and the lesser-known contender: Broad Spectrum).
Correct Answer: Ingestible CBD oil should be comprised of coconut MCT oil and full spectrum hemp extract (the part that contains the actual CBD). It’s important that the carrier oil contains Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT), like coconut oil, because it is easier for the body to digest. Remember that cannabinoids are best delivered to the body in either fat or alcohol as a carrier.
I use plus CBD brand for my patients and myself.It’s a fantastic company with a great reliable product. They have the biggest share of retail outlets in the country so they have to be priced right and labeled properly. They also have GRAS rating. That means generally regarded as safe. They are the only CBD company to do the research and spend the money to get that rating. I love the gummies.
My husband was diagnosed with ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) when he was 61 years old 4 years ago. The Rilutek (riluzole) did very little to help him. The medical team did even less. His decline was rapid and devastating. His arms weakened first, then his hands and legs. Last year, a family friend told us about Rich Herbs Foundation (RHF) and their successful ALS TREATMENT, we visited their website www. richherbsfoundation. com and ordered their ALS/MND Formula, i am happy to report the treatment effectively treated and reversed his Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), most of the symptoms stopped, he is able to walk and able to ride his treadmill again, he is pretty active now.
Even if a topical contains active THC, it still won’t induce that intense “high” you’d get from smoking or ingesting cannabis. With most topicals, cannabinoids can’t breach the bloodstream; they only penetrate to the system of CB2 receptors. Transdermal patches, however, do deliver cannabinoids to the bloodstream and could have psychoactive effects with a high enough THC content.
Jump up ^ Fernández-Ruiz J, Sagredo O, Pazos MR, García C, Pertwee R, Mechoulam R, Martínez-Orgado J (February 2013). "Cannabidiol for neurodegenerative disorders: important new clinical applications for this phytocannabinoid?". British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 75 (2): 323–33. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04341.x. PMC 3579248. PMID 22625422.
In order to get CBD out of hemp, it must be extracted. CBD isolate is produced by using a bit of a more detailed extraction process of its own. CBD isolate extraction starts out like other extraction processes used to make CBD. Once the initial extraction takes place, concentrated CBD is still full of all the plant material contained in the hemp plant itself.
Put simply, CBD isolate is CBD in its purest form. The process of making CBD isolate, which we’ll discuss in more detail below, separates (or isolates) the CBD from all the other stuff that makes up the marijuana plant. Hence the name CBD isolate. It’s very much akin to the almost-100-percent pure THC distillate that’s making the rounds of the canna-community.

While researchers are calling for more robust studies on the role of CBD on mood disorders, there is promising research that points to CBD’s role as an anxiolytic – which means it has anti-anxiety effects. Another study showed CBD to have antidepressant effects comparable to those of the prescription antidepressant Imipramine. We noted above that CBD increases levels of glutamate and serotonin – and it’s these same neurotransmitters that play a crucial role in mood regulation.
However, bear in mind that if you’re looking for CBD muscle rub for sale online, products can come in a variety of different formats (some of which are better than others). With Premium Jane, though, you are getting an ointment that has been sourced from the country’s most potent industrial hemp supply and laboratory-verified for purity and CBD content – meaning no second-guessing as to whether or not the cream actually contains therapeutic cannabidiol.

Given its nature as such a minimally invasive means of using CBD, the topical cannabinoid method is favored by many consumers that are just barely dipping their toe into the much larger pool of the hemp oil industry at large. Many people are hesitant to take CBD oil orally. An external application feels much safer for a first time experience, especially given the targeted response.
Most CBD oils are available in round-number concentrations such as 250mg, 500mg, and 1,000mg. While these strengths accommodate many CBD users, they may not be sufficient for those with preferences that fall outside round numbers. NuLeaf Naturals offers a less conventional selection of concentrations: 240mg, 725mg, 1,450mg, 2,425mg, and 4,850mg. This range ensures that most users will find a strength that works for them.
No, you *are no expert*–so you have no business making a diagnosis sight unseen. “Leaky gut” and “gluten sensitivity” (as opposed to celiac disease, which is legit) are among the trendy diagnoses du jour. You don’t know these folks’ diets, specific symptoms or official diagnoses. Don’t give me any blather about “Big Pharma,” “suppressing natural cures, “or the “medical industry conspiracy,” either. (“Suppression?” I get my CBD oil from an actual MD, with the approval of my oncologist).
I was looking for a right marijuana strain that could help me with my chronic back pain. I’m suffering from it for almost 2 months now I just don’t know if it’s connected to my work since I’m sitting more or less 9 hours. I came a cross with this marijuana strain https://eu.gyo.green/barneys-farm-cbd-blue-shark-bar-cbs-f.html . This is the first time that I would be taking medical marijuana I’m not sure if this would be effective with my back pain. Also is there any other way using it medically?
Jump up ^ Devinsky, Orrin; Cilio, Maria Roberta; Cross, Helen; Fernandez-Ruiz, Javier; French, Jacqueline; Hill, Charlotte; Katz, Russell; Di Marzo, Vincenzo; Jutras-Aswad, Didier; Notcutt, William George; Martinez-Orgado, Jose; Robson, Philip J.; Rohrback, Brian G.; Thiele, Elizabeth; Whalley, Benjamin; Friedman, Daniel (22 May 2014). "Cannabidiol: Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders". Epilepsia. 55 (6): 791–802. doi:10.1111/epi.12631. PMC 4707667. PMID 24854329.

My mom is late stage dementia. We have tried coconut oil/black pepper/curcumin combo for years. Gives only tine bit of help, and is not something that reverses dementia. Maybe in someone who can score better than a 14 on the mme it could be of help. But cannabinoid is a different story. Cannabinoids produce better results in less time. Can't say yet that they will reverse anything though.

To make matters more confusing, nine states (including California, Washington, and Colorado) let residents buy cannabis-based products with or without THC. Nearly two dozen other “medical marijuana states” allow the sale of cannabis, including capsules, tinctures, and other items containing CBD or THC, at licensed dispensaries to people whose doctors have certified that they have an approved condition (the list varies by state but includes chronic pain, PTSD, cancer, autism, Crohn’s disease, and multiple sclerosis). Sixteen more states legalized CBD for certain diseases. But because all these products are illegal according to the federal government, cannabis advocates are cautious. “By and large, the federal government is looking the other way,” says Paul Armentano, deputy director of the Washington, DC–based National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), but until federal laws are changed, “this administration or a future one could crack down on people who produce, manufacture, or use CBD, and the law would be on its side.”

BioCBD+™ supports the findings of the US Government in patent # US 6630507 “Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants,” which praises Cannabidiol (CBD) for its antioxidant properties. Antioxidants are vital to not only health maintenance, but also the prevention and maintenance of oxidation associated diseases. BioCBD+™ also supports the further research into not only these areas but also into the additional therapeutic values of Cannabidiol. Evolved Ayurvedic Discoveries LTD., 11 River Street, Newry, Co. Down. Northern Ireland, BT34 2DQ; and 315 South Coast Highway, U75, Encinitas, CA 92024.
There is a tremendous difference between CBD from hemp vs the actual cannabis plant; not addressed the fact that you are discussing CBD from hemp in the beginning of the article is confusing to those who have not been able to do their own research yet. I’ve been trying different CBD products for 2 years now & at first read, I thought you were talking about cannabis.

Hi Lauren I've just started today with 250mg cbd oil. I'm starting low to see what happens. I've nerve damage across buttocks from a laminectomy. I've not been able to sit for 5 years. I've recently started with a muscle spasm in my left buttock and the muscle above is painful. It is only the first day, also tried a cbd night time tea as well. Do change in muscle pain so tight on my left hand side. How long before felt it starting to work please. I'm trying not to expect changes straightaway. I also take 1100mg gabapentin and 30mg amitriptyline and I hate both of them - they both can cause muscle tightness affecting the nerve. Thank you Lyn
The theoretical logic is there, Gerdeman says. What exactly is that thinking? Well, there are a few different ways CBD could help regulate pain—by increasing your natural endocannabinoids, decreasing your inflammatory response, and desensitizing your pain receptors (although it’s still unclear whether this stands when absorbed topically compared to orally).
CBD may help reduces REM behavior disorder in people with Parkinson’s disease. REM behavior disorder is a condition that causes people to act out physically during dreaming and REM sleep. Typically, during REM, the body is largely paralyzed, a state known as REM atonia. This immobilization keeps sleepers from reacting physically to their dreams. In REM behavior disorder, this paralysis doesn’t occur, leaving people free to move—which can lead to disruptive sleep and to injuring themselves or their sleeping partners. Cannabis may also work to reduce pain and improve sleep quality in people with Parkinson’s disease.

Hello Roy,We will attempt to help you as much as possible.As you know CBD is a new treatment option so there are almost no scientific studies and very few case studies available. However as a general rule the best thing to do is just to start.We say this because everyones body metabolizes CBD at different rates. So the best way to find the proper dosage for you is just to start. The good news is that feeling sleepy is about the only side effect of overdosing CBD, so experimentation is pretty safe.What we recommend on our site is to start with 25mg of CBD taken as often as you need it throughout the day. If you find this works stick with it. If you find you need more, or are having to take it too many times during the day, then take more such as 50mg with each serving.Which oil should you use that will ship to the UK? We have reviewed all the top CBD oil products and have found Endoca to be the best and most powerful oil on the market. If you are going to use CBD hemp oil we recommend using raw CBD oil. This is the most natural and has the highest amount of plant constituents present which increases effectiveness.The best oil to start with is Endoca Raw Hemp Oil 2000mg. If taking 50mg a day this tube will last you 40 days. If you are taking 200mg a day you will need to purchase 3 tubes per month.Read the full review here: https://cbdoilreview.org/endoca-raw-hemp-oil-2000mg/Buy the product here: https://cbdoilreview.org/product/endoca-raw-hemp-oil-2000mg/Endoca ships to the UK from their European headquarters so you are good to go there. If you have any other questions please contact us using the form below or give us a call, we are happy to help!
I tried CBD oil and it was just as useful for pain as yoga. This expensive commodity is just another catch phrase replacement theology trying to be substituted for what used to be adequate pain control treatment. Today at least my Dr stands there and says sorry as he lowers the dose by another pill. Thank you for trying. Our last ditch effort on Earth will be no doubt be to smoke MJ..
Real Scientific Hemp Oil™ CBD isolate is a pure isolate powder containing 99% CBD, our highest concentration CBD product available. Free of taste and smell, RSHO™ isolate is ideal for blending into your own CBD oils or tinctures. RSHO™ isolate contains no measureable amounts of THC, and it’s the perfect option for those seeking high levels of CBD with each serving. RSHO™ isolate is carefully packaged into a convenient 1-gram jar with 990mg of CBD.
CBD oil is similar to other products in that it is capable of being “watered down.” Some companies will try to eke out a higher profit margin by fooling their customers into thinking they’re getting more for less. It is important to pay attention to the concentration level of the CBD oil you’re buying in order to ensure you’re getting what you’re paying for. Although concentrations of CBD can vary quite a bit across the broad range of CBD products, a quality product will start off having somewhere between 250mg to 1,000mg per fluid ounce. This matters because if you were to purchase a 4 ounce bottle that contained 250mg of CBD, your concentration would be a mere 62.5 mg of CBD per ounce – hardly enough to reap the full benefits of CBD. It’s always important to look at the concentration level of the CBD you’re buying.
We are committed to bringing our customers the highest-grade organic cannabis oil products on the market. Our CBD oil is derived from organic hemp plants and is legal in all 50 states. We proudly call ourselves NuLeaf “Naturals” because our cannabis oils are 100% organic, free of additives and preservatives. Every bottle of cannabis oil we provide to our customers has been subjected to rigorous laboratory testing to ensure that it contains the optimal amount of CBD.
CBD may help reduces REM behavior disorder in people with Parkinson’s disease. REM behavior disorder is a condition that causes people to act out physically during dreaming and REM sleep. Typically, during REM, the body is largely paralyzed, a state known as REM atonia. This immobilization keeps sleepers from reacting physically to their dreams. In REM behavior disorder, this paralysis doesn’t occur, leaving people free to move—which can lead to disruptive sleep and to injuring themselves or their sleeping partners. Cannabis may also work to reduce pain and improve sleep quality in people with Parkinson’s disease.
CV Sciences is currently one of the only CBD oil companies also working on a CBD-based drug (pending FDA approval) in addition to an industrial hemp-derived CBD oil. In the case of CV Sciences, this drug is intended to help smokeless tobacco users kick the habit. Its CBD oil, marketed under brand name PlusCBD Oil, is the number one hemp-derived CBD oil on the market, according to data from SPINS, and CV Sciences is currently seeking GRAS self-determination for the product.The Relief & Recovery Capsules are water-soluble (which means your body can absorb and use them more efficiently), as well as gluten-free, preservative-free, vegan and kosher. There is 10mg of CBD per capsule.
Despite the inability of CBD oil companies to cite health claims linked to their products, people buy CBD oil for pain and inflammation, anxiety, and sleep problems, and some also give it to their pets for the same reasons. In a survey conducted of its customers, CW Hemp, a family-owned provider of lab-tested CBD products, learned the number-one reason people buy their products is for anxiety, and according to a study conducted by Brightfield Group and HelloMD, 70 percent of consumers who use CBD do so because they suffer from anxiety.
The truth of the matter is that there is nothing wrong with either side of the CBD argument. There are two sides to every story, and in this case, there are benefits to each type of product. Less-processed CBD products aren’t any more natural than hemp-derived CBD isolates. They both come from the same wholly natural plant matter, but the major difference between the two is the amount of refinement.

Pharmacists have since moved to metric measurements, with a drop being rounded to exactly 0.05 mL (50 μL, that is, 20 drops per milliliter) - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drop_(unit)1oz is 30 mL1000mg/30mL = 33.3 mg/mL CBD concentration20 drops * .05 mL/drop = 1mL10 drops * .05 mL/drop = .5mLyou take 33.3 mg in the morning and 16.65mg at nightI might suggest taking 50mg in the morning: 50mg / 33.3 mg/mL = 1.50 mL 30 dropstry it for a couple days and see how it helps
This may seem like a repeat of an earlier question, but while that question related to concentration of CBD in the product, this is simply a question of how much you’re getting in total. Most bottles are labeled in a similar way – “1,000mg CBD Oil” or “1,000mg Hemp Extract” – which generally means the entire bottle contains a total of 1,000mg of CBD.
As one of the original CBD manufacturers, Green Roads reputation truly precedes them, and their pharmacist formulated manufacturing process is why we selected them as the best quality CBD oil on the market. They offer a range of CBD oil concentrations (100mg, 250mg, 350mg, 550mg, 1000mg, 1500mg, and 3,500mg) all of which allow you to view ingredients and test results from a 3rd party testing facility via a QR code on the box.
Cannabidiol has been found to act as an antagonist of GPR55, a G protein-coupled receptor and putative cannabinoid receptor that is expressed in the caudate nucleus and putamen in the brain.[35] It has also been found to act as an inverse agonist of GPR3, GPR6, and GPR12.[12] Although currently classified as orphan receptors, these receptors are most closely related phylogenetically to the cannabinoid receptors.[12] In addition to orphan receptors, CBD has been shown to act as a serotonin 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist,[36] and this action may be involved in its antidepressant,[37][38] anxiolytic,[38][39] and neuroprotective effects.[40][41] It is an allosteric modulator of the μ- and δ-opioid receptors as well.[42] The pharmacological effects of CBD have additionally been attributed to PPARγ agonism and intracellular calcium release.[8]

By popular demand, we have also begun to carry several, high quality CBD pet products as well. For general purpose applications, we carry several, tasty tincture and oral spray options that are highly effective. Likewise, Pharma CBD capsules provide CBD purity via capsular ingestion. In addition, we have partnered with Therabis, the quality CBD maker of “Stop the Itch” and “Calm and Quiet”, the pet lovers’ ultimate go-to’s. Find these products by browsing our exclusive online inventory.


Given the degree to which marijuana and cannabinoid derivative use has been stigmatized in the past, their Schedule I classification as illegal substances, and lack of FDA approval, valid medical research on the effects of CBD isn’t as plentiful as it should be. Much of the anecdotal evidence, however, suggests that CBD’s neuro- protective, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory effects with regard to topical applications are promising.2

NuLeaf Naturals CBD oil tinctures are all full spectrum; it is 100% organic and never made with herbicides, pesticides, or chemical fertilizers. The brand offers a full spectrum pet CBD oil tincture, as well. NuLeaf Naturals offers free shipping to all 50 states; the brand’s products are also sold in more than 200 retail locations across the country.

BioCBD+ uses a full spectrum hemp extract.  Most CBD companies are using an isolate version of CBD.  With an isolated, single molecule, one misses out on much of the synergistic heading properties vs. taking in the whole plant. We are only interested in serving whole plant formulations. This is called the “entourage effect”. BioCBD+ does indeed contain all the cannabinoids and terpenes (as nature intended) and is completely legal to order and use no matter where you are.”  ~Ben Greenfield

The ECS is responsible for regulating many systems in the body, such as the limbic, metabolic, nociceptive, and immunologic functions. Endocannabinoids are natural chemical regulators in the body that interact with cannabinoid receptors and help maintain homeostasis. They seem to do this by detecting and regulating pain, mood, hunger, memory, and more.

As with supplements, the FDA does not review CBD products before they hit the shelves. At this time, CBD oil quality is not regulated in most states. Only states that have legalized marijuana for adult use have regulated laboratory testing for CBD sold in dispensaries. Currently, these states are Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, and Nevada, as well as Washington D.C.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) testing is much more precise than the standard High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), but because an NMR machine costs millions of dollars and is hard to come by in this industry, we only have limited access to one at a local university. The vast majority of NMR tests we’ve performed on our CBD isolate over the last several years have shown it to be over 99% pure cannabidiol, while standard industry HPLC tests have more variance and less reliability.
I have also called a couple places to get some input about what we may need, but they all said they cannot give advice. Then HOW do we know what to get. As for MOST of us, we are by no means well off. Quite the opposite, in fact. So to keep “trying” a bunch of different ones is not an option. Blue Bird in CO give discounts to low income, so would like to use their products if possible.

I LOVE my CBD pain cream. It is called “CAD” (short for Carter’s Aromatherapy Designs) cream. The downside is that it’s uber expensive ($45 to $140, for a 2 ounce jar, depending on the strength), but the little jar does seem to stretch quite a way. It smells of peppermint, not skunk. I’m currently experimenting with making my own from home-grown AC/DC. So far, I like the CAD better.
A number of health benefits of CBD oil have been tested in vitro (i.e., with cells and tissues instead of living beings) as well as via animal studies, and some have even been examined in human clinical studies. However, until a health benefit has been validated by peer-reviewed, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies, it's impossible to know for sure if CBD – or any supplement – actually has the purported effect.

If the ECS is affected, or the body is not producing enough endocannabinoids, these functions in the body may become unbalanced. And when the body is not producing or regulating endocannabinoids properly, ingesting natural cannabinoids or applying them topically can restore this balance. CBD differs from THC in the sense that THC mimics the natural cannabinoids in the body and binds with the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, which are found in abundance within the immune system, the gastrointestinal tract, and in the central and peripheral nervous systems. While THC binds to these receptors, CBD interacts with an enzyme called FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase).4
Rich in CBD, cannabis has been used for centuries to fight illness, improve sleep, and lower anxiety. Today, our understanding of the potential benefits of CBD is growing by leaps and bounds—more and more, CBD is seen as a powerful disease-fighting agent. Thanks to decades of scientific investigation, it’s now possible to get the benefits of CBD in supplement form.
You should also keep an eye out for "full-spectrum" oils, which contain not just CBD, but a full range of cannabinoids – including trace amounts of THC. This won't be enough to make you high (and shouldn't even be enough to show up on drug tests), but it will allow you to reap the benefits of not just CBD but the "full spectrum" of cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, producing what some experts have begun calling "the entourage effect."

"The data supporting efficacy and dosing are specific to one product: Epidiolex," Bonn-Miller says. "That's not necessarily translatable to 'Joe Bob's CBD Blend.'" A CBD extract you buy online or in a dispensary will almost certainly have less CBD in it, he explains, and will contain other cannabinoids—meaning that it will work differently and will need to be dosed differently. "This is not to say that 'Joe Bob's CBD Blend' definitely isn't going to be effective for pediatric epilepsy, but it means that we need to study it before we know."
That being said, though, CBD isolate still has a very relevant place in the cannabis market. A lot of people, for instance, use it to concoct their own personal daily CBD remedies – they mix the pure powder with oil, or they add it into their coffee, or they make edibles out of it. Since it comes in an easily-measurable powder, it’s a great option for those individuals who are trying to calculate exact personal dosages of CBD medication by the milligram.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) testing is much more precise than the standard High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), but because an NMR machine costs millions of dollars and is hard to come by in this industry, we only have limited access to one at a local university. The vast majority of NMR tests we’ve performed on our CBD isolate over the last several years have shown it to be over 99% pure cannabidiol, while standard industry HPLC tests have more variance and less reliability.
THC, an intoxicating and illegal substance, is responsible for causing marijuana users to get “high.” Unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive because it does not act on the same pathways as THC. Thus, it is impossible to get “high” by smoking or ingesting CBD or CBD oil extracted from industrial hemp plants, as they only have minuscule traces of THC (<0.3%).
And now, onto the thorny issue of legality. The simple answer to the question is yes – if it is extracted from hemp. The 2014 Farm Bill established guidelines for growing hemp in the U.S. legally. This so-called  “industrial hemp” refers to both hemp and hemp products which come from cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC and are grown by a state-licensed farmer.
A supercritical CO2 extractor passes Carbon Dioxide through CBD Oil and plant material to extract and isolate the Cannabidiol cannabinoid. The process removes all plant matter including the oils, waxes, fatty acids, chlorophyll and more. The result is pure CBD. To activate that CBD, the extraction is decarboxylated, or heated, so that the acidic form of the cannabinoid (CBDa) will convert to the non-acidic form (CBD).  
THC and CBD work together.  CBD organically blocks the potency of THC, which makes the high experienced by the consumer manageable and pleasant.  THC works with CBD to amplify its medicinal qualities.  Additionally, THC has medicinal qualities of its own that are completely forgone by CBD isolate. Cannabis has more to offer than just cannabinoids; terpenes, the chemical compounds that create the plant’s scent, are also present in cannabis.
As with supplements, the FDA does not review CBD products before they hit the shelves. At this time, CBD oil quality is not regulated in most states. Only states that have legalized marijuana for adult use have regulated laboratory testing for CBD sold in dispensaries. Currently, these states are Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, and Nevada, as well as Washington D.C.
Up until recently, it was the psychoactive component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which received most of the attention for its medicinal benefits, as well as its ability to produce psycho- tropic effects. Now, with medical marijuana gaining ground across the country, researchers are discovering the amazing properties of additional cannabinoids. But what makes CBD so special?
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