CBD Isolate is Cannabidiol (CBD) isolated as a single cannabinoid in its purest form. The potency often is 99% or higher making it not only the purest form of CBD available on the market but also some of the most potent. The crystalline powder contains only the cannabinoid Cannabidiol having been isolated from all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and particles of the hemp plant.
In the United States, non-FDA approved CBD products are classified as Schedule I drugs under the Controlled Substances Act. This means that production, distribution, and possession of non-FDA approved CBD products is illegal under federal law. In addition, in 2016 the Drug Enforcement Administration added "marijuana extracts" to the list of Schedule I drugs, which it defined as "an extract containing one or more cannabinoids that has been derived from any plant of the genus Cannabis, other than the separated resin (whether crude or purified) obtained from the plant." Previously, CBD had simply been considered "marijuana", which is a Schedule I drug.
In September 2018, following its approval by the FDA for rare types of childhood epilepsy, Epidiolex was rescheduled (by the Drug Enforcement Administration) as a Schedule V drug to allow for its prescription use. This change applies only to FDA-approved products containing no more than 0.1 percent THC. This allows GW Pharmaceuticals to sell Epidiolex, but it does not apply broadly and all other CBD-containing products remain Schedule I drugs. Epidiolex still requires rescheduling in some states before it can be prescribed in those states.
The CBD isolate extraction process produces a botanical concentrate that includes the cannabinoids, fatty acids, and other plant material found naturally in hemp plants. The CBD hemp oil is then purified using a proprietary process to filter plant material and then winterized (bioindustry speak for the cooling down of oil to remove impurities) to remove excess waxes, producing a pure isolate powder with 99% pure Cannabidiol.
Most human studies of CBD have been done on people who have seizures, and the FDA recently approved the first CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, for rare forms of epilepsy. Clinical trials for other conditions are promising, but tiny. In one Brazilian study published in 2011 of people with generalized social anxiety disorder, for example, taking a 600-mg dose of CBD (higher than a typical dose from a tincture) lessened discomfort more than a placebo, but only a dozen people were given the pill.
Nano-emulsification is what makes all-natural CBD become water-soluble and more bio-available. Nano-amplified CBD, such as Isodiol’s CBD Nano Ultra™, dramatically affects the absorbability of large, fat-soluble molecules like CBD. Typically with CBD consumer products, 90% or more of the CBD is wasted because the body simply cannot absorb it. That’s because CBD particles, like all phytocannabinoids, measure about 2,000 nanometers. Human cells can only absorb particles of 60-80 nanometers. A cell cannot fully utilize a particle larger than itself.
Most third-party laboratories willing to test hemp/cannabis cannot consistently or reliably detect cannabidiol (CBD) at the levels in this product. Generally speaking, we’ve found that they are more efficient with testing full-spectrum extracts with lower percentages of CBD and other cannabinoids. All Certificates of Analysis (COAs) for our CBD Isolate have so far ranged from 90%-99.9% cannabidiol, but we are extremely confident that every batch of extract has actually been above 99% pure. The extraction process is consistent and repeatable – the third party testing isn’t quite there yet. This is an industry-wide issue that affects every company offering similar products.
Due to its wide variety of medical benefits, CBD is used to treat a number of common conditions, including chronic pain, inflammation, seizures, insomnia, spasms, multiple sclerosis, and mental disorders such as anxiety and depression. As a topical agent, CBD oil can be directly applied to certain areas of the body as an effective means of relieving pain and soreness, reducing inflammation, and soothing inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema.
The extract known as CBD oil sold in the U.S. falls into one of two categories. Crystalline isolate exclusively contains CBD, as other cannabinoids have been removed; full spectrum oil, on the other hand, retains THC and other cannabinoids, and is only sold in states where marijuana use has been legalized. CBD oil can be consumed several different ways, including ingested capsules and food products, vaporizing, tinctures, and topical creams. The soporific effects of CBD oil are linked to its concentration; low-concentration oils will produce minimal effects, while high-concentration oils will produce strong effects.